E-cadherin gene mutations in human intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma

Kanenori Endo, Keigo Ashida, Noriko Miyake, Tadashi Terada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Deletions or mutations of the E-cadherin gene may result in reduced cell adhesiveness. In particular, conservative point mutations within the N-terminal calcium-binding pocket (including exons 7, 8, and 9) are frequently detected in several cancers and are enough to abolish cell-cell adhesion. There have been no studies on E-cadherin gene mutations in human intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Human ICCs were therefore investigated for E-cadherin gene mutations within exons 7, 8, and 9. In addition, the relationships were analysed between their mutations and the immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin, histological grade, and clinicopathological parameters. The E-cadherin gene was analysed in 34 tumours by nested polymerase chain reaction/single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR/SSCP) followed by DNA sequencing. In four of the 34 cases (11.8%), tumour-restricted mobility shifts, were observed; two cases harboured a single shift, one case presented two different mobility shifts, and one case presented three different mobility shifts within exons 7 and 8, encoding extracellular domains of E-cadherin. Polymorphism as previously reported was not identified and all seven new DNA alterations were not present in genomic DNA of non-tumour origin. The E-cadherin gene mutations correlated significantly with down-regulated E-cadherin protein expression and high ICC histological grade. These data suggest that E-cadherin gene mutations in ICC are associated with reduced cell adhesiveness and high histological grade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-317
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pathology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 02-04-2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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