Early and Late Outcomes of Aortic Valve Replacement in Dialysis Patients

Keisuke Tanaka, Kazuyoshi Tajima, Yoshiyuki Takami, Noritaka Okada, Sachie Terazawa, Akihiko Usui, Yuichi Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Few data are available on the outcomes of aortic valve replacement (AVR) in dialysis patients. Valve selection has been controversial, and systemic calcification in these patients has been an important concern. This study reports our experiences and evaluates whether dialysis patients can be treated in a way that is similar to nondialysis patients. Methods: A retrospective review was performed on 73 AVRs (43 men, 29 women), including one redo operation, for dialysis patients between 1995 and 2007. Mean age was 65.0 ± 8.3 years. The bioprosthesis was basically selected for elderly patients as for nondialysis patients. Results: For a severely calcified ascending aorta, the femoral or subclavian artery was selected for arterial cannulation in 9 patients (12.3%), and aortic cross-clamping under temporary circulatory arrest with moderate hypothermia was applied in 17 (23.3%). Implanted were 51 mechanical and 22 bioprosthetic valves. Four elderly patients in poor general condition received high-performance mechanical valves instead of bioprosthesis to avoid aortic root enlargement. There was no stroke during the perioperative period. Hospital mortality was 6.8%. The overall actuarial survival rate was 74.6% ± 5.6%, 55.7% ± 7.6%, and 39.9% ± 9.7% at 3, 5, and 10 years, respectively. Conclusions: The results for the dialysis patients after AVR were satisfactory. Dialysis patients can be treated in AVR just like nondialysis patients. Valve selection and surgical strategy on a case-by-case basis are important to improve the clinical outcomes in dialysis patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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