We report a case of vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm (VADA) that developed with subarachnoid hemorrhage and was found to be occluded based on subsequent digital subtraction angiography. Few reports have been published on ruptured VADA in which ipsilateral vertebral arteries are occluded. The proper management of this type of aneurysm is controversial. A 44-year-old woman developed a sudden onset headache. Computed tomography and three-dimensional computed tomography were immediately performed and showed subarachnoid hemorrhage and VADA distal to the right posterior inferior cerebellar artery bifurcation. We decided to treat the VADA immediately and performed digital subtraction angiography but found the VADA had spontaneously occluded. We performed coil embolization, including the aneurysm and the parent artery, with reference to the findings of three-dimensional computed tomography. On Day 16, recurrence was considered due to the finding of dilation of the distal end where the coil was embolized. An additional embolization was performed via the posterior communicating artery. No cases of endovascular treatment have been reported in VADA cases in which the rupture site is spontaneously occluded. In such cases, the treatment may be incomplete, so strict follow-up is required.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging