Eating fast leads to obesity

Findings based on self-administered questionnaires among middle-aged Japanese men and women

Rei Otsuka, Koji Tamakoshi, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Chiyoe Murata, Atsushi Sekiya, Keiko Wada, Hui Ming Zhang, Kunihiro Matsushita, Kaichiro Sugiura, Seiko Takefuji, Pei Ou Yang, Nobue Nagasawa, Takaaki Kondo, Satoshi Sasaki, Hideaki Toyoshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

152 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Few epidemiologic studies have examined the association between the rate of eating and obesity. In this study, we cross-sectionally examined the association of the self-reported rate of eating with current Body Mass Index (BMI), and BMI-change from 20 years of age to the current age. Methods: Subjects were 3737 male (mean age + standard deviation and mean BMI ± standard deviation: 48.2 ± 7.1 years and 23.3 ± 2.7 kg/m 2 ) and 1005 female (46.3 ± 7.0 years and 21.8 ± 2.8 kg/m 2 ) Japanese civil servants. We measured self-reported categorical rate of eating, current BMI, BMI at age 20, and BMI-change from age 20. Energy intake was assessed over a 1-month period with a brief-type diet history questionnaire. Results: The multiple regression analysis in which the current BMI was regressed by categorical rate of eating, energy intake, age, and lifestyle factors showed that current BMI steadily increased by -0.99, -0.67, 0.81, and 1.47 kg/m 2 along with the progress of categorical rate of eating from the 'medium' group to 'very slow', 'relatively slow', 'relatively fast', and 'very fast' groups, respectively, in men. In women, the corresponding values were -1.06, -0.35, 0.50, and 1.34 kg/ m 2 . When the BMI increment from age 20 to current age was regressed in the same manner, the increment was -0.63, -0.34, 0.57, and 1.05 kg/m 2 in men and -0.71, -0.32, 0.34, and 1.14 kg/m 2 in women, respectively. Additionally, both BMI at age 20 and current height were positively associated with rate of eating. Conclusions: Our results among middle-aged men and women suggest that eating fast would lead to obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19-05-2006
Externally publishedYes

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Body Mass Index
Obesity
Eating
Energy Intake
Surveys and Questionnaires
Age Factors
Life Style
Epidemiologic Studies
Regression Analysis
Diet

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Otsuka, Rei ; Tamakoshi, Koji ; Yatsuya, Hiroshi ; Murata, Chiyoe ; Sekiya, Atsushi ; Wada, Keiko ; Zhang, Hui Ming ; Matsushita, Kunihiro ; Sugiura, Kaichiro ; Takefuji, Seiko ; Yang, Pei Ou ; Nagasawa, Nobue ; Kondo, Takaaki ; Sasaki, Satoshi ; Toyoshima, Hideaki. / Eating fast leads to obesity : Findings based on self-administered questionnaires among middle-aged Japanese men and women. In: Journal of epidemiology. 2006 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 117-124.
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abstract = "Background: Few epidemiologic studies have examined the association between the rate of eating and obesity. In this study, we cross-sectionally examined the association of the self-reported rate of eating with current Body Mass Index (BMI), and BMI-change from 20 years of age to the current age. Methods: Subjects were 3737 male (mean age + standard deviation and mean BMI ± standard deviation: 48.2 ± 7.1 years and 23.3 ± 2.7 kg/m 2 ) and 1005 female (46.3 ± 7.0 years and 21.8 ± 2.8 kg/m 2 ) Japanese civil servants. We measured self-reported categorical rate of eating, current BMI, BMI at age 20, and BMI-change from age 20. Energy intake was assessed over a 1-month period with a brief-type diet history questionnaire. Results: The multiple regression analysis in which the current BMI was regressed by categorical rate of eating, energy intake, age, and lifestyle factors showed that current BMI steadily increased by -0.99, -0.67, 0.81, and 1.47 kg/m 2 along with the progress of categorical rate of eating from the 'medium' group to 'very slow', 'relatively slow', 'relatively fast', and 'very fast' groups, respectively, in men. In women, the corresponding values were -1.06, -0.35, 0.50, and 1.34 kg/ m 2 . When the BMI increment from age 20 to current age was regressed in the same manner, the increment was -0.63, -0.34, 0.57, and 1.05 kg/m 2 in men and -0.71, -0.32, 0.34, and 1.14 kg/m 2 in women, respectively. Additionally, both BMI at age 20 and current height were positively associated with rate of eating. Conclusions: Our results among middle-aged men and women suggest that eating fast would lead to obesity.",
author = "Rei Otsuka and Koji Tamakoshi and Hiroshi Yatsuya and Chiyoe Murata and Atsushi Sekiya and Keiko Wada and Zhang, {Hui Ming} and Kunihiro Matsushita and Kaichiro Sugiura and Seiko Takefuji and Yang, {Pei Ou} and Nobue Nagasawa and Takaaki Kondo and Satoshi Sasaki and Hideaki Toyoshima",
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Otsuka, R, Tamakoshi, K, Yatsuya, H, Murata, C, Sekiya, A, Wada, K, Zhang, HM, Matsushita, K, Sugiura, K, Takefuji, S, Yang, PO, Nagasawa, N, Kondo, T, Sasaki, S & Toyoshima, H 2006, 'Eating fast leads to obesity: Findings based on self-administered questionnaires among middle-aged Japanese men and women', Journal of epidemiology, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 117-124. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.16.117

Eating fast leads to obesity : Findings based on self-administered questionnaires among middle-aged Japanese men and women. / Otsuka, Rei; Tamakoshi, Koji; Yatsuya, Hiroshi; Murata, Chiyoe; Sekiya, Atsushi; Wada, Keiko; Zhang, Hui Ming; Matsushita, Kunihiro; Sugiura, Kaichiro; Takefuji, Seiko; Yang, Pei Ou; Nagasawa, Nobue; Kondo, Takaaki; Sasaki, Satoshi; Toyoshima, Hideaki.

In: Journal of epidemiology, Vol. 16, No. 3, 19.05.2006, p. 117-124.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eating fast leads to obesity

T2 - Findings based on self-administered questionnaires among middle-aged Japanese men and women

AU - Otsuka, Rei

AU - Tamakoshi, Koji

AU - Yatsuya, Hiroshi

AU - Murata, Chiyoe

AU - Sekiya, Atsushi

AU - Wada, Keiko

AU - Zhang, Hui Ming

AU - Matsushita, Kunihiro

AU - Sugiura, Kaichiro

AU - Takefuji, Seiko

AU - Yang, Pei Ou

AU - Nagasawa, Nobue

AU - Kondo, Takaaki

AU - Sasaki, Satoshi

AU - Toyoshima, Hideaki

PY - 2006/5/19

Y1 - 2006/5/19

N2 - Background: Few epidemiologic studies have examined the association between the rate of eating and obesity. In this study, we cross-sectionally examined the association of the self-reported rate of eating with current Body Mass Index (BMI), and BMI-change from 20 years of age to the current age. Methods: Subjects were 3737 male (mean age + standard deviation and mean BMI ± standard deviation: 48.2 ± 7.1 years and 23.3 ± 2.7 kg/m 2 ) and 1005 female (46.3 ± 7.0 years and 21.8 ± 2.8 kg/m 2 ) Japanese civil servants. We measured self-reported categorical rate of eating, current BMI, BMI at age 20, and BMI-change from age 20. Energy intake was assessed over a 1-month period with a brief-type diet history questionnaire. Results: The multiple regression analysis in which the current BMI was regressed by categorical rate of eating, energy intake, age, and lifestyle factors showed that current BMI steadily increased by -0.99, -0.67, 0.81, and 1.47 kg/m 2 along with the progress of categorical rate of eating from the 'medium' group to 'very slow', 'relatively slow', 'relatively fast', and 'very fast' groups, respectively, in men. In women, the corresponding values were -1.06, -0.35, 0.50, and 1.34 kg/ m 2 . When the BMI increment from age 20 to current age was regressed in the same manner, the increment was -0.63, -0.34, 0.57, and 1.05 kg/m 2 in men and -0.71, -0.32, 0.34, and 1.14 kg/m 2 in women, respectively. Additionally, both BMI at age 20 and current height were positively associated with rate of eating. Conclusions: Our results among middle-aged men and women suggest that eating fast would lead to obesity.

AB - Background: Few epidemiologic studies have examined the association between the rate of eating and obesity. In this study, we cross-sectionally examined the association of the self-reported rate of eating with current Body Mass Index (BMI), and BMI-change from 20 years of age to the current age. Methods: Subjects were 3737 male (mean age + standard deviation and mean BMI ± standard deviation: 48.2 ± 7.1 years and 23.3 ± 2.7 kg/m 2 ) and 1005 female (46.3 ± 7.0 years and 21.8 ± 2.8 kg/m 2 ) Japanese civil servants. We measured self-reported categorical rate of eating, current BMI, BMI at age 20, and BMI-change from age 20. Energy intake was assessed over a 1-month period with a brief-type diet history questionnaire. Results: The multiple regression analysis in which the current BMI was regressed by categorical rate of eating, energy intake, age, and lifestyle factors showed that current BMI steadily increased by -0.99, -0.67, 0.81, and 1.47 kg/m 2 along with the progress of categorical rate of eating from the 'medium' group to 'very slow', 'relatively slow', 'relatively fast', and 'very fast' groups, respectively, in men. In women, the corresponding values were -1.06, -0.35, 0.50, and 1.34 kg/ m 2 . When the BMI increment from age 20 to current age was regressed in the same manner, the increment was -0.63, -0.34, 0.57, and 1.05 kg/m 2 in men and -0.71, -0.32, 0.34, and 1.14 kg/m 2 in women, respectively. Additionally, both BMI at age 20 and current height were positively associated with rate of eating. Conclusions: Our results among middle-aged men and women suggest that eating fast would lead to obesity.

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