Eccentric inlet port of the pivot bearing supported gyro centrifugal pump

Yoshiyuki Takami, Aron Andrade, Tadashi Nakazawa, Kenzo Makinouchi, Julie Glueck, Robert Benkowski, Yukihiko Nosé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An eccentric inlet port is a unique feature of the pivot bearing supported Gyro Compact-1 Eccentric Inlet Port Model 3 (C1E3) centrifugal pump, a completely seal-less centrifugal pump. The latest C1E3 has an eccentric inlet port with a 30 degree vertical angle. To investigate the adequacy of this 30 degree angle, flow visualization studies and in vitro hemolysis tests were performed, comparing 4 pumps, each with a different angle of the eccentric inlet port (0, 30, 60, and 90 degrees). The flow visualization study utilizing a tracer method focused on the flow pattern just distal to the inlet port of each pump, and each pump was operated at 5 L/min against 100 mm Hg and 5 L/min against 350 mm Hg. In the pumps with angles of 90 and 60 degrees, the flow direction changed horizontally, causing a vortex formation. In the pump with the 30 degree angle, the inflow did not change its course, resulting in minimal space for vortex formation. In the pump with the 0 degree angle, the inflow collided with the pump housing, resulting in a small vortex formation along the housing surface. The in vitro hemolysis tests at 5 L/min against 350 mm Hg revealed that the pump with the 30 degree angle was the least hemolytic and the pump with the 90 degree angle was the most hemolytic among the 4 pumps. These results suggest that the angle of the eccentric inlet port of the Gyro C1E3 pump should be 30 degrees to have less vortex formation and less red blood cell trauma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-317
Number of pages6
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Takami, Y., Andrade, A., Nakazawa, T., Makinouchi, K., Glueck, J., Benkowski, R., & Nosé, Y. (1997). Eccentric inlet port of the pivot bearing supported gyro centrifugal pump. Artificial Organs, 21(4), 312-317. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1594.1997.tb00367.x