Effect of Biologics on the Risk of Advanced-Stage Inflammatory Bowel Disease-Associated Intestinal Cancer: A Nationwide Study

Ryo Seishima, Koji Okabayashi, Hiroki Ikeuchi, Motoi Uchino, Kitaro Futami, Tatsuki Noguchi, Hiroki Ohge, Yasuhito Iseki, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Michio Itabashi, Kinya Okamoto, Yuji Toiyama, Takayuki Ogino, Masafumi Nakamura, Kazutaka Yamada, Toshifumi Wakai, Yu Sato, Hideaki Kimura, Kenichi Takahashi, Koya HidaYusuke Kinugasa, Fumio Ishida, Junji Okuda, Koji Daito, Fumikazu Koyama, Hideki Ueno, Takayuki Yamamoto, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Tsunekazu Hanai, Atsuo Maemoto, Junya Arakaki, Koji Komori, Yoshito Akagi, Dai Shida, Shigeki Yamaguchi, Keiji Matsuda, Kiyoshi Maeda, Toshihiro Noake, Riichiro Nezu, Shin Sasaki, Junichi Hasegawa, Eiji Sunami, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Kenji Katsumata, Kei Uehara, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Takeshi Suto, Shinsuke Kazama, Takeshi Yamada, Takenori Goi, Soichiro Ishihara, Yoichi Ajioka, Kenichi Sugihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of biologics on the risk of advanced-stage inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated intestinal cancer from a nationwide multicenter data set.METHODS:The medical records of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) diagnosed with IBD-associated intestinal neoplasia (dysplasia or cancer) from 1983 to 2020 were included in this study. Therapeutic agents were classified into 3 types: biologics, 5-aminosalicylic acid, and immunomodulators. The pathological cancer stage was compared based on the drug used in both patients with CD and UC.RESULTS:In total, 1,042 patients (214 CD and 828 UC patients) were included. None of the drugs were significantly associated with cancer stage in the patients with CD. In the patients with UC, an advanced cancer stage was significantly associated with less use of biologics (early stage: 7.7% vs advanced stage: 2.0%, P < 0.001), 5-aminosalicylic acid, and immunomodulators. Biologic use was associated with a lower incidence of advanced-stage cancer in patients diagnosed by regular surveillance (biologics [-] 24.5% vs [+] 9.1%, P = 0.043), but this was not the case for the other drugs. Multivariate analysis showed that biologic use was significantly associated with a lower risk of advanced-stage disease (odds ratio = 0.111 [95% confidence interval, 0.034-0.356], P < 0.001).DISCUSSION:Biologic use was associated with a lower risk of advanced IBD-associated cancer in patients with UC but not with CD. The mechanism of cancer progression between UC and CD may be different and needs to be further investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1248-1255
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume118
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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