Objectives: One of the serious problems after lung transplantation is chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD). Most CLAD patients pathologically characterized by obliterative bronchiolitis (OB). Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA4)-Ig is a combination protein of the Fc fragment of human IgG1 linked to the extracellular domain of CTLA4. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of CTLA4-Ig therapy on OB using a mouse intrapulmonary tracheal transplantation (IPTT) model. Methods: IPTT was performed between BALB/c (donor) and C57BL/6 (recipient) mice. Abatacept, which is a commercially available form of CTLA4-Ig, was intraperitoneally injected in recipient mice immediately after surgery, on days 7, 14, and 21. The mice in the control group received human IgG. Results: We performed semi-quantitative analysis of graft luminal obliteration at post-transplant day 28. We calculated the obliteration ratio of the lumen of the transplanted trachea in each case. The obliteration ratio was significantly lower in the CTLA4-Ig group than that in the control group (91.2 ± 2.1% vs. 47.8 ± 7.9%, p = 0.0008). Immunofluorescent staining revealed significantly decreased lymphoid neogenesis in the lung. Conclusions: CTLA4-Ig therapy attenuated tracheal obliteration with fibrous tissue in the mouse IPTT model. The attenuation of fibrous obliteration was correlated with the inhibition of lymphoid neogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine