Effect of Edema on Postimplant Dosimetry in Prostate Brachytherapy Using CT/MRI Fusion

Osamu Tanaka, Shinya Hayashi, Masayuki Matsuo, Masahiro Nakano, Hiromi Uno, Kazuhiro Ohtakara, Toshiharu Miyoshi, Takashi Deguchi, Hiroaki Hoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To investigate the time course of prostatic edema and the effect on the dose-volume histograms of the prostate for patients treated with brachytherapy. Methods and Materials: A total of 74 patients with prostate cancer were enrolled in this prospective study. A transrectal ultrasound-based preplan was performed 4 weeks before implantation and computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging fusion-based postimplant dosimetry was performed on the day after implantation (Day 1) and 30 days after implantation (Day 30). The prostate volume, prostate volume covered by 100% of the prescription dose (V100), and dose covering 90% of the prostate (D90) were evaluated with prostatic edema over time. Results: Prostatic edema was greatest on Day 1, with the mean prostate volume 36% greater than the preplan transrectal ultrasound-based volume; it thereafter decreased over time. It was 9% greater than preplan volume on Day 30. The V100 increased 5.7% from Day 1 to Day 30, and the D90 increased 13.1% from Day 1 to Day 30. The edema ratio (postplan/preplan) on Day 1 of low-quality implants with a V100 of <80% was significantly greater than that of intermediate- to high-quality implants (>80% V100; p = 0.0272). The lower V100 on Day 1 showed a greater increase from Day 1 to Day 30. A V100 on Day 1 of >92% is unlikely to increase >0% during the interval studied. Conclusion: Low-quality implants on Day 1 were highly associated with edema; however, such a low-quality implant on Day 1, with significant edema, tended to improve by Day 30. If a high-quality implant (V100 >92%) can be obtained on Day 1, a re-examination is no longer necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)614-618
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2007
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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