Objectives: We have previously demonstrated the therapeutic potential of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in the treatment of vocal fold scarring, although how exogenous HGF affects gene expression of endogenous HGF or extracellular matrix components in the vocal fold fibroblasts remains unclear. In this in vitro study, we aimed to clarify this aspect in order to better understand the effects of HGF on the vocal folds. Methods: Fibroblasts were obtained from the lamina propria of the vocal folds of 5 Sprague-Dawley rats and were cultured with HGF at concentrations of 100, 10, 1, and 0 ng/mL. The cells were collected on days 1, 3, and 7, and the expression of endogenous HGF, its receptor c-Met, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), procollagen types I and III, and hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS)-1 and HAS-2 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) was examined by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Results: The expression of endogenous HGF and HAS-1 mRNAs increased significantly when exogenous HGF was administered at a concentration of 1 ng/mL. On day 1, the expression of TGF-β1 and HAS-2 mRNAs increased significantly in response to 1 ng/mL HGF. Conclusions: Exogenous HGF triggered the up-regulation of endogenous HGF, TGF-β1, HAS-1, and HAS-2 mRNAs in vocal fold fibroblasts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes