Effect of exogenous hepatocyte growth factor on vocal fold fibroblasts

Yo Kishimoto, Shigeru Hirano, Atsushi Suehiro, Ichiro Tateya, Shin Ichi Kanemaru, Tatsuo Nakamura, Juichi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: We have previously demonstrated the therapeutic potential of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in the treatment of vocal fold scarring, although how exogenous HGF affects gene expression of endogenous HGF or extracellular matrix components in the vocal fold fibroblasts remains unclear. In this in vitro study, we aimed to clarify this aspect in order to better understand the effects of HGF on the vocal folds. Methods: Fibroblasts were obtained from the lamina propria of the vocal folds of 5 Sprague-Dawley rats and were cultured with HGF at concentrations of 100, 10, 1, and 0 ng/mL. The cells were collected on days 1, 3, and 7, and the expression of endogenous HGF, its receptor c-Met, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), procollagen types I and III, and hyaluronic acid synthase (HAS)-1 and HAS-2 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) was examined by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Results: The expression of endogenous HGF and HAS-1 mRNAs increased significantly when exogenous HGF was administered at a concentration of 1 ng/mL. On day 1, the expression of TGF-β1 and HAS-2 mRNAs increased significantly in response to 1 ng/mL HGF. Conclusions: Exogenous HGF triggered the up-regulation of endogenous HGF, TGF-β1, HAS-1, and HAS-2 mRNAs in vocal fold fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-611
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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