Effect of fat emulsion administration on blood coagulation in terminal lung cancer patients

Takaki Kanie, Akihiko Futamura, Tomohiro Mizuno, Shigeki Yamada, Masanobu Usui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Patients with cancer, especially those with lung cancer, are at high risk of developing thrombosis. Intralipos® infusion 20% is contraindicated for thrombosis, and there is no consensus on whether it can be safely used in cases of advanced cancer. We conducted a retrospective observational study to elucidate the impact of fat emulsion administration on blood coagulation in patients with terminal lung cancer. Methods: The subjects were patients with terminal lung cancer in the Department of Surgery and Palliative Medicine, Fujita Health University Nanakuri Memorial Hospital between January 2016 and December 2019. We compared changes in their blood coagulation profile before hospitalization and one month later. Results: There were a total of 213 patients with lung cancer—139 who were administered fat emulsion and 74 who were not—with no significant differences in baseline characteristics. In the fat emulsion administration group (n=27), the prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), respectively, were 1.17±0.26 (mean±standard deviation) and 30.5±5.0 s at hospitalization and 1.16±0.12 and 31.2±4.2 s one month later with no significant differences. In the non-administration group (n=6), the PT-INR and APTT, respectively, were 1.44±0.43 and 30.6±5.2 s before hospitalization and 1.28±0.18 and 33.0±7.5 s one month later with no significant differences. Conclusions: We did not identify any changes in PT-INR and APTT after fat emulsion administration in patients with terminal lung cancer. There were also no new cases of thrombosis, suggesting that fat emulsions were administered safely in patients with terminal lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalFujita medical journal
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine
  • General Health Professions

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