The effect of oral vitamin E administration on acute gastric mucosal lesion progression was examined in rats treated once with compound 48/80 (C48/80) (0.75 mg/kg, i.p.) in comparison with that of subcutaneously administered superoxide dismutase (SOD) plus catalase (CAT). Vitamin E (50, 100 or 250 mg/kg) administered at 0.5 h after C48/80 treatment reduced progressive gastric mucosal lesions at 3 h after the treatment dose-dependently, like SOD plus CAT administered at the same time point. The gastric mucosa of C48/80-treated rats had decreased Se-glutathione peroxidase activity and vitamin E, ascorbic acid, and hexosamine contents and increased myeloperoxidase and xanthine oxidase activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances content at 3 h after the treatment. Administered vitamin E attenuated all these changes found at 3 h after C48/80 treatment dose-dependently, like administered SOD plus CAT. C48/80-treated rats administered with vitamin E (100 or 250 mg/kg) had higher gastric mucosal vitamin E content than C48/80-untreated rats. Neither administered vitamin E nor SOD plus CAT had any effect on the increases in serum serotonin and histamine concentrations and the decrease in gastric mucosal blood flow found at 3 h after C48/80 treatment. In the gastric mucosa of C48/80-untreated rats administered with vitamin E, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances content decreased with an increase in vitamin E content. These results indicate that orally administered vitamin E prevents acute gastric mucosal lesion progression in C48/80-treated rats possibly by suppressing oxidative stress, neutrophil infiltration, and mucus depletion in the gastric mucosa like administered SOD plus CAT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science