Purpose: Choroidal hypofluorescence has been reported beneath the photodynamic therapy (PDT) site in clinical studies. We evaluated the choroidal hypofluorescence after combined PDT with posterior subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide or PDT with an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab for age-related macular degeneration. Methods: Two hundred and forty-two eyes with a subfoveal choroidal neovascularization caused by age-related macular degeneration were studied. Ninety-two eyes underwent PDT alone, 90 eyes underwent PDT with sub-Tenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide, and 60 eyes underwent PDT with intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. Verteporfin-induced choroidal hypoperfusion was determined by indocyanine green angiograms. The intensity of the diffuse fluorescence within the PDT site away from the choroidal neovascularization lesion and from the normal retina just peripheral to the optic disk was measured by densitometry (Topcon IMAGEnet computer system, Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) in the indocyanine green angiogram images obtained at 10 minutes 3 months after the PDT. The ratio of the average brightness of the retina within the PDT area to that of the retina peripheral to the optic disk (irradiated/nonirradiated retinal brightness ratio) was calculated for each angiogram. Results: The irradiated/nonirradiated retinal brightness ratio of the angiograms was 0.96 in the PDT-alone group, 0.85 in the sub-Tenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide-PDT group, and 0.89 in the intravitreal injection of bevacizumab-PDT group (Kruskal-Wallis H test, P < 0.05). Conclusion: The degree of choroidal hypofluorescence in the indocyanine green angiogram images 3 months after PDT in the sub-Tenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide and intravitreal injection of bevacizumab group was higher than that of PDT-alone group. Sub-Tenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide and intravitreal injection of bevacizumab can prolong the duration of the choroidal hypofluorescence after PDT.
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