Background: This study aimed to evaluate predictive factors for graft loss in patients who received kidney transplantation (KT) from living kidney donors (LKDs) at a single institute in Japan. Methods: Our study focused on patients with end-stage renal disease who underwent KT from LKDs and were followed up for at least 1 year after surgery. The primary end point was graft survival (GS). GS after KT was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. GS according to subgroup classification was analyzed using the log-rank test. A multivariate analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazard model. Results: The median follow-up period was 105.5 months after KT. The 5- and 10-year GS rates were 97.8% and 96.0% in KT recipients (KTRs) without posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) and 89.9% and 63.2% in those with PTDM, respectively. The rate of graft loss was significantly higher in KTRs with PTDM than in those without PTDM (P < .001). Of the KTRs whose diabetes mellitus (DM) was cured after KT, those who underwent dialysis because of diabetic nephropathy had no graft loss. In the multivariate analysis, the serum creatinine level at 1 month after KT, PTDM, and human leukocyte antigen mismatches were significantly associated with graft loss after KT. Conclusions: In this study, the rate of graft loss in KTRs with PTDM was significantly higher than that of KTRs without PTDM. However, among KTRs whose DM was cured after KT, those who underwent dialysis because of diabetic nephropathy had no graft loss.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes