Chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases the risk of death and other poor outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated the relation between the institutional CKD percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) volume and in-hospital clinical outcomes in patients with CKD. Among 1,199,901 patients who underwent PCI in 2014 to 2018 from the Japanese nationwide registry, we analyzed 220,509 patients with CKD. Patients were classified into quartiles (Q) according to the mean annual institutional CKD-PCI volume (Q1 <42 PCIs/year, Q2 <74 PCIs/year, Q3 <124 PCIs/year, Q4 ≥125 PCIs/year). The primary outcome was a composite of in-hospital death and periprocedural complications. The mean age of patients was 73 ± 10 years, and 36% (n = 78,332) were on dialysis. PCI was more likely to be performed with rotational atherectomy devices in high-volume institutions. Contrast volume was lower, the rate of radial access PCI was higher, and door-to-balloon time (for ST-elevation myocardial infarction) was shorter in the highest quartile institutions. Primary outcomes were observed in 6,539 patients (3.0%). The crude rate of the primary outcome was lowest in institutions with the highest PCI volume (Q1 3.4%, Q2 3.0%, Q3 3.0%, Q4 2.4%, p <0.001); higher PCI volume was associated with reduced frequency of the primary outcome (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] relative to Q1:Q2, 0.89 [0.83 to 0.96]; Q3 0.90 [0.84 to 0.97]; and Q4 0.76 [0.84 to 0.97]). In conclusion, the procedural characteristics and outcomes of PCI differed significantly by institutional volume in patients with CKD. When considering revascularization among these patients, institutional CKD-PCI volume needs to be incorporated in decision-making.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine