Effect of surface roughness on hemolysis in a pivot bearing supported gyro centrifugal pump (C1E3)

Yoshiyuki Takami, Kenzo Makinouchi, Tadashi Nakazawa, Julie Glueck, Robert Benkowski, Yukihiko Nosé

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19 Citations (Scopus)


The blood contacting surface quality is an important pump parameter for blood compatibility and cell damage. This study investigates the surface roughness and the effect it has on hemolysis in a centrifugal blood pump. In vitro hemolysis tests were performed with a pivot bearing supported Gyro centrifugal pump (C1E3) simulating cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB; 5 L/min, 350 mm Hg) and left ventricular assist device (LVAD; 5 L/min, 100 mm Hg) conditions. To produce 4 different grades of surface roughness, the impellers and housings were subjected to vapor polishing, sand papering, fine sand blasting, or coarse sand blasting. Seven pumps were assembled with different impeller and housing surfaces. These surfaces were then examined by a surface profile instrument and a scanning electron microscope. The results of this study are as follows. First, the effect of surface roughness on hemolysis was significantly greater in the CPB condition than in the LVAD condition. Second, surface roughness, regardless of whether it is the impeller or pump housing, had little effect on hemolysis in the LVAD condition. Third, in the CPB condition, the surface roughness of the pump housing has a greater effect on hemolysis than does that of the impeller. From a hemolytic point of view, an extremely smooth pump housing is required for use of an impeller type centrifugal pump as a CPB device. In contrast, it is conceivable that a smooth surface is not always essential for an impeller type centrifugal pump that is used as an LVAD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1155-1161
Number of pages7
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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