Effect of tactile interference stimulation of the ear in human primary somatosensory cortex: A magnetoencephalographic study

T. Nihashi, R. Kakigi, M. Hoshiyama, K. Miki, Y. Kajita, J. Yoshida, H. Yatsuya

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Abstract

Objective: To confirm the somatotopic representation of the ear in the primary somatosensory cortex (SI), we studied the tactile interference effects on somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEFs) following stimulation of the ear (Helix, Lobulus and Tragus). Methods: We applied tactile interference stimulation to the neck or face area continuously and concurrently while a time-locked electrical stimulation was applied to the ear. If the amplitude would be reduced by the interference, this would indicate that the cortical representation for both the time-locked electrical stimulation and the continuous interference stimulation overlapped. A two or 3-source model, Source 1 in the neck area of SI, Source 2 in the face area of SI, and Source 3 in the secondary somatosensory cortex (SII), was found to be the most appropriate by brain electric source analysis (BESA). Results: Amplitudes of Sources 1 and 2 in most interference conditions were decreased. Source 1 following stimulation of all 3 sites was significantly reduced when the interference was applied to the neck area. Source 2 following stimulation of all 3 sites was significantly reduced when the interference was applied to the face area. Conclusions: These findings showed that the interference effect was found in both the neck and face areas of SI following the ear stimulation. Significance: The representation of the ear in SI might be located in both the neck and face areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1866-1878
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume114
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2003
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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