Background: Synovial sarcoma is a rare malignant soft-tissue tumor that is prevalent in adolescents and young adults, and poor prognosis has been reported in patients with metastatic lesions. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is an emerging novel therapy for solid tumors; however, its application in synovial sarcoma has not yet been explored. Methods: A novel human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted CAR containing scFv-FRP5, CD8α hinge and transmembrane domains as well as 4-1BB costimulatory and CD3ζ signaling domains was developed. Three synovial sarcoma cell lines that expressed the fusion transcript SS18-SSX1/2/4 were used in the study. Cytokine secretion assay, cytotoxicity assay, and real-time cell analysis experiments were conducted to confirm the function of T cells transduced with the CAR gene. Results: High cell-surface expression of HER2 was observed in all the cell lines. HER2-targeted/4-1BB-costimulated CAR T cells specifically recognized the synovial sarcoma cells, secreted interferon gamma and tumor necrosis factor alpha, and exerted cytotoxic effects in these cells. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to indicate that HER2-targeted CAR T cells are directly effective against molecularly defined synovial sarcoma cells. Furthermore, our findings might set the basis for developing improved CAR T cell-based therapies for chemo-refractory or relapsed synovial sarcoma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research