Effectiveness of dietary fibre during remission following surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis

M. Nakao, Y. Ogura, T. Hasegawa, M. Kato, Y. Nimura, K. Takagi, Toshitaka Nabeshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Patients with watery diarrhoea and frequent stools during remission following surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis were given Sunny Mild®, a dietary fibre derived from apples, in order to stabilize stool condition and reduce stool frequency. To assess the effects of dietary fibre on regeneration of the intestinal epithelium, levels of diamine oxidase (DAO) were measured as an indicator for morphological changes in small intestinal villi. When patients ingested 9 g/day dietary fibre, stool frequency significantly declined, from 10.3 ± 3.6 to 5.6 ± 1.1 (mean ± s.d.) times a day, and at the same time stool consistency improved from watery or muddy to soft. Before ingestion of dietary fibre, serum DAO levels were 2.0 units/l, which improved significantly to 6.6 units/l after ingestion. By contrast, in healthy controls the change was insignificant, from 6.7 ± 0.7 units/l to 6.8 ± 0.9 (mean ± s.d.) units/l. These results confirm that before using dietary fibre, patient DAO activity levels were only one-half that of controls, whereas after ingestion they rose to almost normal levels. These results indicate that giving a patient dietary fibre is extremely effective in alleviating watery diarrhoea and frequency of stools during remission following surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis. It restores decreased DAO activity to normal levels, which is an important indicator of morphological change in small intestinal villi. It also improves stool consistency and reduces stool frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Therapeutic Research
Volume2
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-1998
Externally publishedYes

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Dietary Fiber
Ulcerative Colitis
Amine Oxidase (Copper-Containing)
Eating
Diarrhea
Therapeutics
Malus
Intestinal Mucosa
Regeneration
Serum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Nakao, M. ; Ogura, Y. ; Hasegawa, T. ; Kato, M. ; Nimura, Y. ; Takagi, K. ; Nabeshima, Toshitaka. / Effectiveness of dietary fibre during remission following surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis. In: Journal of Applied Therapeutic Research. 1998 ; Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 69-73.
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Effectiveness of dietary fibre during remission following surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis. / Nakao, M.; Ogura, Y.; Hasegawa, T.; Kato, M.; Nimura, Y.; Takagi, K.; Nabeshima, Toshitaka.

In: Journal of Applied Therapeutic Research, Vol. 2, No. 1, 01.12.1998, p. 69-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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