Effects of a Skin Barrier Cream on Management of Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis in Older Women: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

Yuka Kon, Yoshie Ichikawa-Shigeta, Terumi Iuchi, Yukari Nakajima, Gojiro Nakagami, Keiko Tabata, Hiromi Sanada, Junko Sugama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a skin barrier cream with moisturization and skin-protectant characteristics for improving the severity of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) pertaining to the skin physiology and appearance. We measured the following outcomes: (1) skin physiological characteristics indicating skin protection and enhancement of the skin's moisture barrier (stratum corneum hydration, dermis hydration level, transepidermal water loss, and skin pH); and (2) changes in skin appearance (the degree of erythema and pigmentation, and the sulcus cutis condition). DESIGN: Single-blind, cluster randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: The study was conducted in a long-term care facility in Japan between November 7, 2011, and May 6, 2012. We used block randomization to obtain a random sample of 6 (4 experimental and 2 control) out of 10 available wards. All subjects were elderly women with IAD of the buttock or inner thigh. We assessed 295 patients, but only 33 met inclusion criteria; 18 were allocated to the experimental group and 15 were allocated to the control group. METHODS: All participants were managed with cleansing with a skin cleanser and application of a moisturizer daily. In addition, a skin barrier cream designed to enhance the skin's moisture barrier and act as a protective barrier was applied to the skin of patients in the experimental group 3 times a day when absorptive briefs were changed. Skin physiological and appearance characteristics were scored only at the buttock or thigh area. All data were collected on days 1 and 14 of the study. RESULTS: Univariate analysis found that the erythema index was lower in the intervention group than in the control group at day 14 (P =.004). Multivariate analysis found significant associations between use of the skin barrier cream and increased stratum corneum hydration (β=.443, P =.031), decreased skin pH (β=-.439, P =.020), and magnitude of erythema (β=-.451, P =.018). CONCLUSIONS: Study findings suggest that a barrier cream designed to enhance the skin's moisture barrier and act as a skin protectant increased stratum corneum hydration, reduced cutaneous pH, and reduced erythema.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-486
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medical–Surgical
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of a Skin Barrier Cream on Management of Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis in Older Women: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this