Background: Neutrophils play a crucial role in the antibacterial host defence system. Edaravone is used in critically ill patients who are often immuno-compromised secondary to concomitant disease or immunosuppressive therapy. The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of edaravone, a novel free-radical scavenger, on several aspects of human neutrophil function using an in vitro system. Methods: Chemotaxis, phagocytosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by neutrophil (cellular) and xanthine-xanthine oxidase (acellular) systems, and intracellular calcium ion levels ([Ca2+]i) were measured in the absence and in the presence (at a clinically relevant concentration, and 0.1-fold, and 10-fold this concentration) of edaravone. Results: The clinically relevant concentration of edaravone did not inhibit chemotxais, phagocytosis, or superoxide production of neutrophils. Even at its ordinary clinical plasma concentration, the drug inhibited hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hydroxyl radical (OH·) generation in the cellular (neutrophil) as well as in the cell-free (xanthine-xanthine oxidase) system (P < 0.05). Edaravone did not affect elevation of [Ca2+]i in neutrophils stimulated by a chemotactic factor. Conclusions: These findings suggest that edaravone quenched H2O2, and OH· generated rather than impaired the ability of neutrophils to produce the ROS. However, further studies using in vivo systems are required to elucidate the effects of edaravone on neutrophil function in clinical settings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine