Effects of High-Fructose Corn Syrup Intake on Glucocorticoid Metabolism in Rats during Childhood, Adolescence and Adulthood

Yuki Nouchi, Eiji Munetsuna, Hiroya Yamada, Mirai Yamazaki, Yoshitaka Ando, Genki Mizuno, Ryosuke Fujii, Itsuki Kageyama, Takuya Wakasugi, Tomohide Sakakibara, Atsushi Teshigawara, Hiroaki Ishikawa, Yohei Shimono, Koji Suzuki, Shuji Hashimoto, Koji Ohashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The consumption of high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has been increasing in recent decades, especially among children. Some reports suggest that children and adolescents are more sensitive to the adverse effects of fructose intake than adults. However, the underlying mechanism of the difference in vulnerability between adolescence and adulthood have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we attempted to elucidate the different effects of HFCS intake at different growth stages in rats: childhood and adolescence (postnatal day (PD) 21-60), young adulthood (PD60-100), and adulthood (PD100-140). Since alterations in hepatic glucocorticoid (GC) metabolism can cause diseases including insulin resistance, we focused on GC metabolizing enzymes such as 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (Hsd11b1 and Hsd11b2) and steroid 5 alpha-reductase 1 (Srd5a1). Western blotting showed an increase in Hsd11b1 expression and a decrease in Hsd11b2 expression in childhood and adolescence but not in adulthood. We also observed changes in Hsd11b1 and Hsd11b2 activities only in childhood and adolescence, consistent with the results of mRNA and protein expression analysis. The effect of high-fructose intake with regards to GC metabolism may therefore vary with developmental stage. This study provides insight into the adverse effects of fructose on GC metabolism in children in the context of increasing rates of HFCS consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-820
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes
Volume130
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22-04-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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