Effects of hypnotic bromovalerylurea on microglial BV2 cells

Shun Kawasaki, Naoki Abe, Fumito Ohtake, Afsana Islam, Mohammed Emamussalehin Choudhury, Ryo Utsunomiya, Satoshi Kikuchi, Tasuku Nishihara, Jun Kuwabara, Hajime Yano, Yuji Watanabe, Mayuki Aibiki, Toshihiro Yorozuya, Junya Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An old sedative and hypnotic bromovalerylurea (BU) has anti-inflammatory effects. BU suppressed nitric oxide (NO) release and proinflammatory cytokine expression by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated BV2 cells, a murine microglial cell line. However, BU did not inhibit LPS-induced nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-κB and subsequent transcription. BU suppressed LPS-induced phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and expression of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1). The Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor filgotinib suppressed the NO release much more weakly than that of BU, although filgotinib almost completely prevented LPS-induced STAT1 phosphorylation. Knockdown of JAK1, STAT1, or IRF1 did not affect the suppressive effects of BU on LPS-induced NO release by BV2 cells. A combination of BU and filgotinib synergistically suppressed the NO release. The mitochondrial complex I inhibitor rotenone, which did not prevent STAT1 phosphorylation or IRF1 expression, suppressed proinflammatory mediator expression less significantly than BU. BU and rotenone reduced intracellular ATP (iATP) levels to a similar extent. A combination of rotenone and filgotinib suppressed NO release by LPS-treated BV2 cells as strongly as BU. These results suggest that anti-inflammatory actions of BU may be attributable to the synergism of inhibition of JAK1/STAT1-dependent pathways and reduction in iATP level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmacological Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 06-2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology


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