To investigate the effect of milrinone (MIL) on systemic capacitance vessels, we measured the mean circulatory filling pressure (MCP) in anesthetized open chest dogs. We measured hemodynamic parameters (a) at baseline blood volume (BV), (b) immediately after bloodletting (5 ml/kg), and (c) immediately after dextran injection (5 ml/kg). These measurements were taken in a control group (n = 8) and in a MIL group (n = 8), where MIL (100 + 2.5 μg/kg/min) was administered i.v. The extra volume (EV) was obtained by extrapolating the straight line that was fit to the MCP-BV plot. MIL significantly decreased the EV, from 22.8 ± 1.0 to 19.1 ± 0.4 ml/kg, indicating that MIL dilates the systemic capacitance vessels. MIL shifted the right ventricular output curve to the left and upward and shifted the venous return curve to the left and rotated it clockwise. Thus, venous return was increased by decreasing the resistance to venous return and by improving right ventricular pump function. Next we evaluated the effects of MIL (100 μg/kg) on systemic capacitance and resistance vessels from changes seen in the MCP and the total peripheral resistance (TPR), respectively. In the untreated dogs, MIL decreased TPR significantly without affecting MCP. In dogs pretreated with total spinal anesthesia or phenoxybenzamine, MIL significantly decreased both MCP and TPR. This suggests that the intrinsic venodilator action of MIL is modified by the baroreflex in untreated animals. MIL decreased the MCP and TPR elevated previously by norepinephrine. One would, therefore, predict that MIL would dilate the systemic capacitance vessels in patients with congestive heart failure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine