Effects of Posterior Spinal Correction and Fusion on Postural Stability in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Satoshi Osuka, Hideki Sudo, Katsuhisa Yamada, Hiroyuki Tachi, Kentaro Watanabe, Fuma Sentoku, Takeshi Chiba, Norimasa Iwasaki, Masahiko Mukaino, Harukazu Tohyama

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study aimed to assess the effects of posterior spinal correction and fusion on postural stability in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The study included 41 female patients with AIS at our institution. All patients performed three 10 s single-leg standing trials on a force plate. The center of pressure (COP) was measured preoperatively, and at 1 week and 6 months postoperatively. The postural stability parameters were absolute minimum time-to-boundary (TTB), mean of the minimum TTB, mean COP velocity, standard deviation, range, and 95% confidence ellipse area. One-way repeated analysis of variance or Friedman test was applied to the postural stability parameters. Multiple comparisons were performed using the Bonferroni correction. The absolute minimum TTB and the mean minimum TTB showed a significant increase 6 months post-operation as compared to preoperatively and 1 week postoperatively. The COP velocity significantly decreased at 6 months post-operation compared to preoperatively and 1 week postoperatively. These changes in postural stability indicate that spinal correction and fusion can be considered to improve postural stability during single-leg standing tests in the postoperative period.

Original languageEnglish
Article number270
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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