Recently the use of alternate site pacing to improve cardiac function in patients with bradyarrhythmias has increased. In the present study, hemodynamics of right ventricular septal pacing were studied in seven dogs. A bipolar screw-in lead and endocardial lead were placed in the proximal right ventricular septum and right ventricular apex, respectively. The right ventricle was paced from each site. A conductance catheter and Millar catheter were inserted into the left ventricle to determine the left ventricular pressure and the pressure-volume loop. Cardiac output was measured using the thermodilution method. In five of the seven dogs, ventricular activation was documented by isochronal epicardial activation mapping during each pacing mode. Mean arterial pressure and cardiac output during septal pacing were significantly higher than during apical pacing (110 ± 17 mmHg vs 100 ± 18 mmHg; 1.00 ± 0.39 L/min vs 0.89 ± 0.33 L/min). The positive dp/dt during septal pacing was significantly higher than during apical pacing (2137 ± 535 mmHg/s vs 1911 ± 404 mmHg/s). End-systolic elastance during septal pacing was significantly higher compared to apical pacing (13.1 ± 0.3 mmHg/mL vs 8.9 ± 4.0 mmHg/mL). The ventricular activation time during septal pacing was significantly shorter than during apical pacing. The epicardial maps generated during septal pacing were similar to those from atrial pacing. We conclude that hemodynamics and interventricular conduction are less disturbed by proximal right ventricular septal pacing than apical pacing in dogs with normal hearts.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||PACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine