In this study, we investigated the involvement of the interaction between sigma receptors and the nitric oxide/cyclic GMP pathway in short term memory in mice, assessed through spontaneous alternation behavior in a Y-maze. N(G)-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester and 7-nitro indazole, both nitric oxide synthase inhibitors, impaired the spontaneous alternation behavior. These impairments were attenuated by (+) SKF 10,047 and (+) pentazocine, sigma1 receptor agonists. Further, the sigma1 receptor antagonist, NE-100, reversed the improvements made by sigma receptor agonists. Cyclic GMP levels and nitric oxide synthase activity in the hippocampus were reduced by treatment with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester. The suppressive effects of N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester on the cyclic GMP levels were reversed by co-treatment with (+) SKF 10,047, but the decline in nitric oxide synthase activity was not. These results suggest that the nitric oxide/cyclic GMP pathway in the hippocampus is responsible for spontaneous alternation behavior in a Y-maze. Further, the ameliorating effects of (+) SKF 10,047 on the impairment of spontaneous alternation behavior may be mediated through activation of guanylate cyclase, but not nitric oxide synthase in the hippocampus of mice. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience