Effects of thrombomodulin in reducing lethality and suppressing neutrophil extracellular trap formation in the lungs and liver in a lipopolysaccharide-induced murine septic shock model

Yu Kato, Osamu Nishida, Naohide Kuriyama, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Takahiro Kawaji, Takanori Onouchi, Daisuke Hasegawa, Yasuyo Shimomura

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation, an innate immune system response, is associated with thrombogenesis and vascular endothelial injury. Circulatory disorders due to micro-vascular thrombogenesis are one of the principal causes of organ damage. NET formation in organs contributes to the exacerbation of sepsis, which is defined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. We have previously reported that recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (rTM) reduces lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NET formation in vitro. Here, we aimed to show that thrombomodulin (TM)-mediated suppression of NET formation protects against organ damage in sepsis. Mice were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 10 mg/kg LPS. rTM (6 mg/kg/day) or saline was administered i.p. 1 h after LPS injection. In the LPS-induced murine septic shock model, extracellular histones, which are components of NETs, were observed in the liver and lungs. In addition, the serum cytokine (interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), macrophage chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and interleu-kin-10 (IL-10)) levels were increased. The administration of rTM in this model prevented NET formation in the organs and suppressed the increase in the levels of all cytokines except IL-1β. Fur-thermore, the survival rate improved. We provide a novel role of TM in treating inflammation and NETs in organs during sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4933
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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