We investigated the effects of vinconate, a novel vinca alkaloid, on spatial learning deficits induced by the basal forebrain (BF) lesion in rats. Bilateral BF lesions were produced by injecting ibotenic acid (6 μg/0.5 μl/side). In BF-lesioned rats, impairment of spatial learning in escaping onto the platform during training and decrease in spatial bias during the spatial probe trial in Morri's water maze task were both observed. Vinconate (5 and 10 mg/kg) treatment shortened the increase of escape latency to the platform in BF-lesioned rats and significantly reversed the decrease in spatial bias induced by the BF lesion. Vinconate (10 mg/kg) attenuated the decrease in choline acetyltransferase activity in the frontoparietal cortex caused by the BF lesion. The present study suggests that vinconate has an antiamnesic effect on the BF-lesion-induced amnesia by ameliorating the dysfunction in cholinergic neurons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biological Psychiatry
- Behavioral Neuroscience