Introduction We conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing blonanserin with other antipsychotics (amisulpride, aripiprazole, haloperidol, paliperidone, and risperidone). Methods Weighted mean difference (WMD), risk ratio, and number needed to harm (NNH) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated using random-effects model. Results Ten RCTs (n = 1521) were included in this study. Blonanserin was superior to aripiprazole in improvement of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total scores (WMD = -10.62, 95% CI = -17.67 to -3.560, p = 0.003). Blonanserin was associated with a higher incidence of all-cause discontinuation (RR = 1.373, 95% CI = 1.088-1.734, p = 0.008, NNH = 11), akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, and agitation/excitement and a lower risk of hyperprolactinemia compared with risperidone + paliperidone. Discussion The current meta-analytic study did not update the comparison of blonanserin vs. haloperidol because there were no new RCTs. Our results suggest that the efficacy of blonanserin for schizophrenia is comparable with that of other antipsychotics, and blonanserin seems to be well tolerated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Pharmacology (medical)