We investigated the developmental potential of hemopoietic progenitors in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region, where the definitive type hemopoietic progenitors have been shown to emerge before the fetal liver develops. By using an assay system that is able to determine the developmental potential of individual progenitors toward the T, B, and myeloid lineages, we show that not only multipotent progenitors but also progenitors committed to the T, B, or myeloid lineage already exist in this region of day 10 fetuses. Bipotent progenitors generating myeloid and T cells or those generating myeloid and B cells were also detected, suggesting that the commitment to T and B cell lineages is in progress in the AGM region. The numbers of these progenitors, however, were only 1/200-1/1000 of those in fetal liver of day 12 fetuses. Such small numbers of progenitors suggest that hemopoiesis has just started in the AGM region of day 10 fetuses. Although most of T cell lineage-committed progenitors in the AGM region generated only a small number of immature T cells, some were able to generate a large number of mature T cells. The detection of various types of lineage-committed progenitors strongly suggests that the AGM region is not only the site of stem cell emergence, but also the site of hemopoiesis, including lineage commitment. The T cell progenitors found in the AGM region may represent the first immigrants to the thymus anlage.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy