Endoscopic papillectomy for ampullary adenoma and early adenocarcinoma: Analysis of factors related to treatment outcome and long-term prognosis

Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Tadashi Iida, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Masanao Nakamura, Takashi Honda, Senju Hashimoto, Akihiro Itoh, Masatoshi Ishigami, Yoshiki Hirooka, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: There are few reports on the long-term prognosis of papillary tumors after endoscopic papillectomy. Here, we report a retrospective study of the therapeutic effects, long-term prognosis, and affecting factors. Methods: The inclusion criteria were papillary adenoma with/without an adenocarcinoma component on biopsy results and ≤10 mm intraductal extension, and the exclusion criteria were moderate to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma on biopsy results. If no residual lesion was confirmed ≥6 months after the last endoscopic treatment, remission was defined. Subsequently, follow-up endoscopy was scheduled once a year. Surgery was required in the case of adenocarcinoma recurrence or intraductal lesions >10 mm. The rates of adverse events, remission, recurrence, and need for surgery were examined. The affecting factors were calculated. Results: There were a total of 253 subjects, including 65 with adenocarcinoma. Pancreatitis (7.5%), bleeding (9.1%) and perforation (2.8%) were observed as adverse events. Among 221 subjects with ≥6 months of follow-up, 212 (95.9%) were in remission. The cumulative recurrence rate using the Kaplan–Meier analysis at 5 years was 16.9% (22 cases), with the need for surgery in 5.9% (5 cases). Intraductal extension on preoperative diagnosis was the only significant risk factor for both recurrence (P < 0.001) and the need for surgery (P = 0.005). The presence of adenocarcinoma had no significant effect. Conclusion: Although remission was achieved in more than 95% of our patients, we observed a high rate of recurrence at the long-term follow-up, which was significantly associated with intraductal extension but not with the presence of adenocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-869
Number of pages12
JournalDigestive Endoscopy
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 07-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology


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