In Swiss 3T3 cells, colon tumor-promoting deoxycholate (DOC) enhanced DNA synthesis which was induced by fibroblast growth factor (FGF) in the presence of insulin. This effect was observed only when DOC was added within 10 h after the addition of FGF. DOC by itself did not induce DNA synthesis irrespective of the presence or absence of insulin. Similar results were obtained with other colon tumor-promoting bile acids such as cholate, chenodeoxycholate and taurocholate. In contrast to these bile acids, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induced DNA synthesis fully without FGF in the presence of insulin. DOC did not affect TPA-induced DNA synthesis. Prolonged treatment of the cells with phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate caused the down-regulation of the phorbol ester receptor and rendered the cells unresponsive to TPA. In these cells, FGF still induced DNA synthesis in the presence of insulin, but the maximal level was reduced to about one third of that in the control cells. DOC did not enhance this DNA synthesis any more. DOC did not alter the binding of FGF to the cells. These results indicate that colon tumor-promoting bile acids enhance the mitogenic action of FGF and thereby stimulate DNA synthesis, although the phorbol ester substitutes for the mitogenic action of FGF.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology