Enhancement of the actions of smg p21 GDP/GTP exchange protein by the protein kinase A-catalyzed phosphorylation of smg p21

Y. Hata, K. Kaibuchi, S. Kawamura, M. Hiroyoshi, H. Shirataki, Y. Takai

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Abstract

We have previously shown that cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A) phosphorylates smg p21A and -B, ras p21-like small GTP-binding proteins. In the present study, we investigated the function(s) of this phosphorylation by use of the smg p21B purified from human platelets. smg p21B bound to plasma membranes and the protein kinase A-catalyzed phosphorylation of smg p21B reduced this binding. Moreover, the phosphorylation of smg p21B enhanced the two actions of its specific GDP/GTP exchange protein, named GDP dissociation stimulator, when tested in a cell-free system: one is the action to stimulate the GDP/GTP exchange reaction of smg p21B, and the other is the action to inhibit the binding of smg p21B to membranes. Consistently, smg p21B was translocated from the membranes to the cytoplasm when it was phosphorylated by protein kinase A in intact platelets in response to prostaglandin E1 or dibutyryl cyclic AMP. The protein kinase A-catalyzed phosphorylation of smg p21B affected neither its basal GDP/GTP exchange reaction, basal GTPase activity, nor the GTPase activity stimulated by its specific GTPase activating protein. On the other hand, we have recently clarified that the structure of the C-terminal region of the post-translationally processed human platelet smg p21B is Lys-Lys-Ser-Ser-all-trans-geranylgeranyl Cys181 methyl ester, and that this modification of the C-terminal region is essential for smg p21B to bind to membranes. We furthermore determined here that protein kinase A phosphorylated Ser179 in this C-terminal region of smg p21B. These results indicate that protein kinase A-catalyzed phosphorylation of smg p21B makes smg p21B sensitive to the actions of smg p21 GDP dissociation stimulator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6571-6577
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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