Epstein-Barr Virus BBLF1 Mediates Secretory Vesicle Transport to Facilitate Mature Virion Release

Md Kamal Uddin, Takahiro Watanabe, Masataka Arata, Yoshitaka Sato, Hiroshi Kimura, Takayuki Murata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Enveloped viruses undergo a complex multistep process of assembly, maturation, and release into the extracellular space utilizing host secretory machinery. Several studies of the herpesvirus subfamily have shown that secretory vesicles derived from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) or endosomes transport virions into the extracellular space. However, the regulatory mechanism underlying the release of Epstein-Barr virus, a human oncovirus, remains unclear. We demonstrate that disruption of BBLF1, a tegument component, suppressed viral release and resulted in the accumulation of viral particles on the inner side of the vesicular membrane. Organelle separation revealed the accumulation of infectious viruses in fractions containing vesicles derived from the TGN and late endosomes. Deficiency of an acidic amino acid cluster in BBLF1 reduced viral secretion. Moreover, truncational deletion of the C-terminal region of BBLF1 increased infectious virus production. These findings suggest that BBLF1 regulates the viral release pathway and reveal a new aspect of tegument protein function.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume97
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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