Equatorial staphyloma associated with neurofibromatosis type 1

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report a case of a 38-year-old man who presented with a recently self-detected lump under his left eyebrow. Previous ophthalmological history was unremarkable except for unilateral high myopia (left eye) since childhood. The appearance of the left eye was seemingly normal; however, with the top lid pulled up on downward gaze, a dark brown bulge emerged. The bulge was 10 × 7 mm and approximately 4 mm in height, and was covered by the extended superior rectus muscle. The diagnosis of equatorial staphyloma was made after coronal T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the orbit revealed the dilatation of the vitreous cavity. Ocular movements were fully maintained and visual acuity was largely spared: 20/15 in the right eye without correction and 20/25 in the left eye with-10.00 spheres and-4.00 × 80 degrees cylinders. His past and family histories were unremarkable; however, small neurofibromas and café au lait spots all over his body led to the diagnosis of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). From this case, similar to previous reports, we suggest that manifestations of NF1 are extremely variable and unpredictable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-388
Number of pages5
JournalCase Reports in Ophthalmology
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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