Erythritol alters gene transcriptome signatures, cell growth, and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius

Tadashi Fujii, Takumi Tochio, Koji Nishifuji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Erythritol was found to inhibit the growth of microorganisms. The present study aimed to demonstrate the growth inhibition of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius by erythritol and to define the changes in gene transcription signatures induced by erythritol. Changes in the gene transcription profiles were analysed by RNA sequencing and quantitative reverse transcription PCR. Gene ontology analysis was performed to assign functional descriptions to the genes. Results: Erythritol inhibited S. pseudintermedius growth in a dose-dependent manner. We then performed a transcriptome analysis of S. pseudintermedius with and without 5% (w/w) erythritol exposure to validate the mechanism of growth inhibition. We revealed that erythritol induced up-regulation of three genes (ptsG, ppdK, and ppdkR) that are related to the phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). Glucose supplementation restored the up-regulation of the PTS-related genes in response to erythritol. In addition, erythritol down-regulated eleven genes that are located in a single pur-operon and inhibited biofilm formation of S. pseudintermedius. Conclusions: These findings indicated that erythritol antagonistically inhibits PTS-mediated glucose uptake, thereby exerting a growth inhibitory effect on S. pseudintermedius. Moreover, erythritol inhibits the ‘de novo’ IMP biosynthetic pathway that may contribute to biofilm synthesis in S. pseudintermedius.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146
JournalBMC Veterinary Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Veterinary


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