Although rituximab is a critical monoclonal antibody therapy for CD20-positive B-cell lymphomas, rituximab resistance showing a CD20-negative phenotypic change has been a considerable clinical problem. Here we demonstrate that CD20 mRNA and protein expression is repressed by recruitment of a histone deacetylase protein complex to the MS4A1 (CD20) gene promoter in CD20-negative transformed cells after treatment with rituximab. CD20 mRNA and protein expression were stimulated by decitabine (5-Aza-dC) in CD20-negative transformed cells, and was enhanced by trichostation A (TSA). Immunoblotting indicated that DNMT1 expression was first downregulated 1 day after treatment with 5-Aza-dC, but IRF4 and Pu.1, the transcriptional regulators of MS4A1, were still expressed with or without 5-Aza-dC. Interestingly, CpG methylation of the MS4A1 promoter was not observed in CD20-negative transformed cells without 5-Aza-dC. A chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay indicated that the Sin3A-HDAC1 co-repressor complex was recruited to the promoter and dissociated from the promoter with 5-Aza-dC and TSA, resulting in histone acetylation. Under these conditions, IRF4 and Pu.1 were continually recruited to the promoter with or without 5-Aza-dC and TSA. These results suggest that recruitment of the Sin3A-HDAC1 complex is related to downregulation of CD20 expression in CD20-negative B-cells after treatment with rituximab.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 04-12-2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology