ETS1, which belongs to the ETS transcription factor family, plays important roles in diverse aspects of cancer such as drug resistance and metastasis. In the present study, we examined the functional roles of ETS1 in paclitaxel resistance and invasion using human prostate cancer PC3cells and paclitaxel-resistant PC3PR cells established from PC3 cells. Our results showed that ETS1mRNA and protein expression was markedly up-regulated in paclitaxel-resistant PC3PR cells compared with paclitaxel-sensitive PC3 cells. The mRNA levels of MDR1 as well as MMP1, MMP3, MMP9 and uPA were positively correlated with that of ETS1. In PC3PR cells, silencing of ETS1 expression by siRNAs inhibited the activity of the MDR1 promoter containing ETS binding sites, reduced the mRNA and protein levels of MDR1 and suppressed paclitaxel resistance. Furthermore, ETS1 knockdown decreased secretion of MMP9 as well as its intracellular mRNA level, and dramatically inhibited invasion of PC3PR cells. Our results suggest that ETS1 promotes paclitaxel resistance and invasion in part by up-regulating MDR1 and MMP9 expression. Taken together, a novel therapeutic strategy targeting the ETS1 gene could be designed to overcome chemoresistance and metastasis of taxane-resistant, hormone-refractory prostate cancer.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 20-01-2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology