Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is useful for the evaluation of patients with suspected or confirmed pulmonary hypertension (PH). End-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2) during exercise is reduced with elevated pulmonary artery pressure. However, the utility of ventilatory parameters such as CPET for detecting PH remains unclear. We conducted a review in 155 patients who underwent right heart catheterization and CPET. Fifty-nine patients had PH [mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) ≥25 mmHg]. There was an inverse correlation between PETCO2 at the anaerobic threshold (AT) and mPAP (r = −0.66; P < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that PETCO2 at the AT was independently associated with an elevated mPAP (P = 0.04). The sensitivity and specificity of CPET for PH were 80 and 86%, respectively, when the cut-off value identified by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for PETCO2 at the AT was ≤34.7 mmHg. A combination of echocardiography and CPET improved the sensitivity in detecting PH without markedly reducing specificity (sensitivity 87%, specificity 85%). Evaluation of PETCO2 at the AT is useful for estimating pulmonary pressure. A combination of CPET and previous screening algorithms for PH may enhance the diagnostic ability of PH.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine