Evaluation of end-tidal CO2 pressure at the anaerobic threshold for detecting and assessing pulmonary hypertension

Akifumi Higashi, Yoshihiro Dohi, Sayuri Yamabe, Hiroki Kinoshita, Yoshiharu Sada, Toshiro Kitagawa, Takayuki Hidaka, Satoshi Kurisu, Hideya Yamamoto, Yuji Yasunobu, Yasuki Kihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is useful for the evaluation of patients with suspected or confirmed pulmonary hypertension (PH). End-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2) during exercise is reduced with elevated pulmonary artery pressure. However, the utility of ventilatory parameters such as CPET for detecting PH remains unclear. We conducted a review in 155 patients who underwent right heart catheterization and CPET. Fifty-nine patients had PH [mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) ≥25 mmHg]. There was an inverse correlation between PETCO2 at the anaerobic threshold (AT) and mPAP (r = −0.66; P < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that PETCO2 at the AT was independently associated with an elevated mPAP (P = 0.04). The sensitivity and specificity of CPET for PH were 80 and 86%, respectively, when the cut-off value identified by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for PETCO2 at the AT was ≤34.7 mmHg. A combination of echocardiography and CPET improved the sensitivity in detecting PH without markedly reducing specificity (sensitivity 87%, specificity 85%). Evaluation of PETCO2 at the AT is useful for estimating pulmonary pressure. A combination of CPET and previous screening algorithms for PH may enhance the diagnostic ability of PH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1350-1357
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Vessels
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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