Numerous medical conditions are associated with pregnancy in women, including pulmonary thromboembolism, which can be fatal. An effective treatment of this condition is the positioning of an inferior vena cava filter (IVC-F) under the guidance of X-ray imaging. However, this procedure involves the risk of high radiation exposure to pregnant women and fetuses. Moreover, there are no published reports comparing the values of fetal dose, received during IVC-F placement in pregnant women, determined using dose calculation software and actual measurements. To address this issue, we compared the fetal radiation dose and entrance surface dose (ESD) for pregnant women for gestation periods of 6 and 9 months based on software calculations and actual measurements. The ESD and fetal doses were estimated for a pregnant woman for gestation periods of 6 and 9 months during IVC-F placement. For actual measurements, one pregnant model phantom was constructed using an anthropomorphic phantom, and two custom-made different-sized abdomen phantoms were used to simulate pregnancy. The custom-made abdomen phantoms were constructed using polyurethane. For software calculations, the software utilized a set of anatomically realistic pregnant patient phantoms. The ESD estimated using the software was consistent with the measured ESD, but the fetal dose estimations were more complicated due to fetal positioning. During fetal dose evaluation using software calculations, the user must carefully consider how much of the fetal length is in the irradiation field to prevent underestimation or overestimation. Despite the errors, the software can assist the user in identifying the magnitude of the dose approaching critical limits.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging