99mTc-DTPA-galactosyl human serum albumin (99mTc-GSA) is a newly developed liver imaging ligand which specifically binds to asialoglycoprotein receptor on the hepatic cell surface. We investigated whether 99mTc-GSA scintigraphy was able to be used as indexes for the residual functional reserve and the early regeneration of the hepatocyte after the hepatic resection. Four patients with metastatic liver cancer, 3 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, and 1 patient with cholangiocellular carcinoma were studied. Basically, each patient was examined 4 times (before, 3, 10, 20 days after the operation). Immediately after i.v. injection of 185 MBq (3 mg) of 99mTc-GSA, serial images and dynamic data were obtained. Serial changes of HH15, as an index of blood clearance of the tracer calculated from the uptake ratio of heart at 15 minutes to that at 3 minutes, and LHL15, as an index of hepatic accumulation calculated from the uptake ratio of liver to liver plus heart at 15 minutes after the injection were analyzed before and after hepatectomy. Three out of 4 lobectomy patients which showed increased HH15, and decreased LHL15 as compared with the preoperative data were considered to be decreased residual hepatic functional reserve. The remaining one lobectomy patient showed increased HH15, but increased LHL15 inversely. One patient of two partial resections of hepatocellular carcinoma with liver cirrhosis demonstrated transiently decreased HH15, and increased LHL15. Two patients with metastatic liver cancer (one partial resection, six partial resections) showed decreased HH15, and increased LHL15. Post- operatively increased hepatic accumulation was presumed to be increased functioning hepatocyte or transiently increased asialoglycoprotein receptor on the cell surface by up-regulation. 99mTc-GSA scintigraphy might be helpful for non-invasive method to detect the residual functional reserve and the early regeneration of the hepatocyte after the hepatic resection.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging