Evaluation of the wear of the pivot bearing in the Gyro C1E3 pump

K. Makinouchi, T. Nakazawa, Y. Takami, S. Takatani, Y. Nosé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To estimate the lifetime of the pivot bearing system of the sealless centrifugal Gyro C1E3 pump, pivot bearing wear phenomena of the C1E3 were studied. The pivot bearing system consisted of a male and female pivot made of ceramics and ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), respectively. First, many pumping tests were performed with the C1E3 under various pumping conditions, and the effects of impeller position and fluid on wear were analyzed. Through these preliminary tests, it was found that the wear progress of the pivot bearing consisted of initial wear and stationary wear. Most of this initial wear is caused by the plastic deformation of the polyethylene female pivot. It also was observed that bovine blood was almost comparable to water in its effect on the stationary wear rate at the same rotational speed. Based on these results, a long-term pumping test was performed with the C1E3, and initial and stationary wear rates were determined. At the same time, the maximal loosening distance (LDmax) (permissible total wear) of the C1E3 was determined experimentally from hemolytic and hydraulic performance perspectives. By using experimentally determined parameters the lifetime of the pivot bearing system of the C1E3 pump was estimated for various pumping conditions. The lifetime of the pivot bearing system of the C1E3 was typically 10 years for right ventricular assist, 8 years for left ventricular assist, and 5 years for cardiopulmonary bypass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-528
Number of pages6
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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