Examination of Abnormal Alpha-synuclein Aggregates in the Enteric Neural Plexus in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Noriaki Gibo, Tomonari Hamaguchi, Yasuo Miki, Takeshi Yamamura, Masato Nakaguro, Mikako Ito, Masanao Nakamura, Hiroki Kawashima, Masaaki Hirayama, Yoshiki Hirooka, Koichi Wakabayashi, Kinji Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & Aims: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer’s disease. Accumulating knowledge points to the notion that abnormal aggregation of alpha-synuclein (αSyn) starts in the gut and ascends to the substantia nigra via the vagus nerve in about a half of PD patients. Epidemiological studies revealed that ulcerative colitis (UC) increased the a risk for PD 1.3 to 1.8-folds. However, it remains unknown whether αSyn is abnormally aggregated in the enteric neurons in UC patients. Methods: We first inspected and optimized the immunostaining protocols with an anti-phosphorylated αSyn antibody, pSyn#64, using the brain and the gut of eight autopsied cases (five with PD and three without PD). Then, we examined abnormal αSyn aggregation in the enteric neurons in 23 and 18 colectomized patients with and without UC, respectively. Five or more sections were stained for αSyn in each of 87 and 25 paraffin-embedded blocks in patients with and without UC, respectively. Results: Ten different protocols of epitope exposure appropriately stained aggregated αSyn in the brain, but only a complete lack of epitope exposure stained aggregated αSyn in the colon with low background. Abnormal αSyn aggregates, which was confirmed by co-localization of p62, in the enteric neurons were detected in a single patient with UC but in no patient without UC. Conclusions: Omission of epitope exposure enabled us to immunostain aggregated αSyn in the colon by pSyn#64 with low nonspecific staining, but the number of 23 UC patients was not high enough to discern whether abnormal αSyn aggregation in the colonic neural plexus was increased in UC or not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)290-300
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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