Accumulating evidence has shown that patients with lifestyle diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are at increased risk of osteoporotic fracture. Fractures deteriorate quality of life, activities of daily living, and mortality as well as a lifestyle disease. Therefore, preventing fracture is an important issue for those patients. Although the mechanism of the lifestyle diseases-induced bone fragility is still unclear, not only bone mineral density (BMD) reduction but also bone quality deterioration are involved in it. Because fracture predictive ability of BMD and FRAX® is limited, especially for patients with lifestyle diseases, the optimal management strategy should be established. Thus, when the intervention of the lifestyle diseases-induced bone fragility is initiated, the deterioration of bone quality should be taken into account. We here review the association between lifestyle diseases and fracture risk and proposed an algorism of starting anti-osteoporosis drugs for patients with lifestyle diseases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine