An MHC class I restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity assay has recently been established for rainbow trout. MHC class I restricted cytotoxicity probably plays a critical role in immunity to most viral diseases in mammals and may play a similar role in fish. Therefore, it is very important to investigate what types of vaccines can stimulate this immune response. Although logical candidates for vaccine components that can stimulate an MHC class I restricted response are live attenuated viruses and DNA vaccines, these materials are generally not allowed in fish for commercial vaccine use due to potential safety issues. In mammals, however, a number of interesting vaccination strategies based on exogenous antigens that stimulate MHC class I restricted cytotoxicity have been described. Several of these strategies are discussed in this review in the context of fish vaccination.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Aquatic Science