Expression of a Crry/p65 is reduced in acute lung injury induced by extracellular histones

Fumihiko Nagano, Tomohiro Mizuno, Masaki Imai, Kazuo Takahashi, Naotake Tsuboi, Shoichi Maruyama, Masashi Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) occurs in patients with severe sepsis and has a mortality rate of 40%–60%. Severe sepsis promotes the release of histones from dying cells, which can induce platelet aggregation, activate coagulation and cause endothelial cell (EC) death. We previously reported that the expression of membrane complement receptor type 1-related gene Y (Crry)/p65, which plays a principal role in defence against abnormal activation of complement in the blood, is reduced in response to peritoneal mesothelial cell injury, and we hence hypothesized that a similar mechanism occurs in pulmonary ECs. In this study, we examined the role of Crry/p65 in histone-mediated ALI using an experimental animal model. In ALI model mice, exposure to extracellular histones induces lung injury and results in a decrease in Crry/p65 expression. The levels of lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH), a marker of cell damage, were significantly increased in the serum of ALI model compared with vehicle mice. The significant inverse correlation between the expression of Crry/p65 and LDH levels in plasma revealed an association between Crry/p65 expression and cell damage. The levels of complement component 3a (C3a) were also significantly increased in the serum of the ALI model compared with vehicle mice. Notably, a C3a receptor antagonist ameliorated lung injury induced by histones. We hypothesize that extracellular histones induce complement activation via down-regulation of Crry/p65 and that C3a might serve as a therapeutic target for the treatment of ALI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-202
Number of pages11
JournalFEBS Open Bio
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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