Purpose: We examined whether nm23-H1 is a prognostic factor of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). Experimental Design: We studied 102 consecutive, untreated PTCL-NOS patients from 1998 to 2008. The expression of nm23-H1 and TIA-1 was studied by immunohistochemistry. Results: nm23-H1 was positive in 44.1% and TIA-1 in 78.4% of the PTCL-NOS patients. nm23-H1 expression was not correlated with age, performance status (PS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, or stage but was significantly correlated with the prognostic index for T-cell lymphoma. The serum nm23-H1 level was 43.44 ng/mL in the cytoplasmic nm23-H1 strongly positive, 24.32 ng/mL in the cytoplasmic nm23-H1 moderately positive, and 13.64 ng/mL in the cytoplasmic nm23-H1-negative patients. The nm23-H1-positive group had significantly shorter overall survival (OS). TIA-1 had no prognostic impact on 5-year OS rates. OS was significantly shorter in patients with the following clinicopathologic features: age 60 or more years, PS of 2 to 4, LDH level greater than normal, bone marrow involvement, or nm23-H1-positive lymphoma. Multivariate analysis confirmed nm23-H1 expression to be an independent prognostic factor. Conclusions: The nm23-H1 protein may be an important prognostic factor in PTCL-NOS. Because our results suggested that nm23-HI is produced by lymphoma cells, we expect to see the development of new treatments targeting nm23 overexpression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research