Expression of proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in in vitro cell lines derived from a thymus, thymoma, and malignant thymoma of rats.

Y. Sakai, W. Wajjwalku, M. Takahashi, A. Masuda, K. R. Utsumi, M. Matsuyama

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Abstract

To analyze the processes of the development of thymoma and malignant thymoma from normal thymic epithelial cells, we have examined the expression of 15 proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in seven in vitro epithelial cell lines established from a normal thymus (TuD1-1, TuD1-3, and TuD1-5), thymoma (TaD1-3 and TaD1-8), and malignant thymoma (MTHC-1 and MTHC-3) of rats. Northern blot analysis indicated that most of these genes examined were transcribed at similar levels. However, higher levels of transcription of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) were observed in TuD1-1, TuD1-3, TuD1-5, TaD1-3, and TaD1-8 cells than in MTHC-1 and MTHC-3 cells. Conversely, four of the former five cell lines showed no TGF-beta transcription while the latter two cell lines had high levels of its expression. In addition, c-fos proto-oncogene was highly expressed in TuD1-5 cells, which showed the fastest growth rate among the seven cell lines. These results denote that some molecular changes in the regulation of gene expression occurred in the processes of malignant transformation of thymic epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-130
Number of pages6
JournalNagoya journal of medical science
Volume55
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 03-1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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