Extracellular nef protein activates signal transduction pathway from ras to mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades that leads to activation of human immunodeficiency virus from latency

Minoru Tobiume, Koh Fujinaga, Satoko Suzuki, Satoshi Komoto, Tetsu Mukai, Kazuyoshi Ikuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously reported that viral antigen expression was markedly up-regulated by stimulation with extra-cellular Nef, similar to the effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and phorbol myristate acetate, in model cells for HIV-1 latency. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanism of this novel Nef function. Flow cytometry revealed specific binding of Nef on the surface of latently infected cells. Furthermore, activation of Ras in the cells was detected after treatment with Nef, indicating the involvement of Ras in Nef-mediated activation of HIV-1 from latency. This was also confirmed by the observations that HIV-1 long-terminal repeat-luciferase (LTR-Luc) activity was significantly up-regulated by introduction of the active Ras into uninfected cells, and that LTR-Luc activity observed in Nef-treated cells was specifically inhibited by introduction of a dominant negative Ras. In addition, PD98059 inhibited the activation of HIV-1 by Nef, but not by TNF-α. Thus, Nef-mediated reactivation of HIV-1 in latent model cells occurs by signal transduction from Ras to mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-467
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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